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09-Nov-2017 16:35

Native Cultures In Sub-Sahara Africa As late as the fifteenth century, cultures in sub-Sahara Africa were still somewhat distinct from the states, which were relatively new and often shaped by foreign influences among the ruling minorities.Most sub-Saharan Africans, even those living in powerful states, still held firmly to old loyalties associated with lineage, village, and religion.This factor, too, helps account for delayed political development.Although most Americans have traditionally thought of sub-Sahara Africa as an immense jungle, more than half of the area comprises grassy plains, known as savanna.The northern savanna, sometimes called the Sudan, stretches across the continent, just south of the Sahara.Other patches of savanna are interspersed among the mountains of East Africa, and another belt of grassland runs east and west across the southern continent, north of the Kalahari Desert.Indeed, both regions had developed high civilizations before the European impact of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

In addition, the vast space open to migration south of the Sahara decreased conflict over land, thereby lessening what had been a significant stimulus in the formation of many early Eurasian states.In the tenth century, and possibly two centuries earlier, East African cities were trading by sea with Persia and India. 1200, when European states were becoming centralized monarchies, comparable kingdoms were rising in sub-Sahara Africa, particularly in regions drained by the Niger, Congo, and Zambesi rivers.